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Under this model of judicial governance, competences over judicial governance (appointments, promotions, discipline, funding, etc) are retained by the executive branch, usually the minister of justice. This, however, does not mean that all judicial governance powers are concentrated in the minister. Judges may still have considerable influence on decision-making processes affecting them. Ministers of justice might not even use some of the powers, such as for example, the power to dismiss court presidents, given the political costs of such actions.